The municipality of Tukuran is situated at the eastern section of the province of Zamboanga del Sur, approximately within in latitude of 7°50'00" North and longitude of 123°24'00" East. The entire municipality is bounded on the East by the Province of Lanao del Norte, South by the blue water of Illana Bay, in the West by the municipality of Labangan; Northwest by the municipality of Sominot and the Municipality of Aurora in the North.
The original inhabitants were Subanens and Iranuns. Tukuran is derived from the word tukod meaning "to build" or "to construct".
Historically, Tukuran was a passing point of many merchants because of its location on the trade route. Merchants of different tribes regularly passed by the area, carrying with them their wares. These merchants usually came from the nearby provinces, most specifically, Zamboanga City and Southern Mindanao, as well as the places of Lanao and the Misamis region (Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental). When the Spaniards came, they tried to control the trade route, building the famous Fort Militar that overlooks Tukuran and the northern part of Illana Bay, as well as the so-called Spanish Trocha which then connected Tukuran directly to the regions of Lanao and Misamis. It came to be known as the Trocha de Tukuran.
Close to the end of the century, the Muslims, under the leadership of Sultan Amay Untad Panduma, founded a settlement in Tukuran. They claimed to have come from the Iranun tribe. Since their number was large, they decided to divide themselves and settle in the neighboring sitios. Sultan Paduma’s descendants succeeded him in ruling the group.
The first wave of Christian settlers followed a few years later, led by Felix Ocampo. They hailed from far up north, in Manila. They chose to settle in the shores of Tukuran. They were later followed by the settlers from Pangasinan together with their families and farming equipments.
Before Tukuran became a municipality, it was a part of the municipality of Labangan, until November 29, 1958, when President Carlos P. Garcia, under the recommendation of the Zamboanga del Sur Provincial Board headed by Governor Bienvenido Ebarle, signed Executive Order No. 323 making Tukuran a municipality. The first municipal mayor appointed to head the municipality was Mayor Filomeno C. Villamero (who was then elected vice-mayor of Labangan), with Sultan Mamadra Panduma as the vice mayor.
The population growth rate of Tukuran is placed at 2.74%. The 2010 population and household projection based on NCSO 2007 revealed that the municipality of Tukuran has a total number of 37,490 inhabitants and compose of 7,625 households. The present population counts progressively increasing annually.
B. Population Characteristic
1. Religious Sectors
People believe that faith and trust to the Great Father help an individual in sustaining spiritual needs as well as the ups-and-downs of life. The Tukuran populace is no exception. The people are mostly Christian believers as majority of the population belong to the Roman Catholic faith. The rest are spread to Islam and to the different sects such as I protestants and etc.
2. Ethnic Groups and Languages
The municipal population is a conglomeration of different tribes and ethnic origins. Based on various migration patterns, the Subanen are known to be the longest established group. They were followed by the Muslims and then by the Visayan people. Of these varied groups, the cebuanos that came from the Visayas Region dominate all others.
The major dialect in the municipality, which is being spoken by the majority of the total population, is the binisay/ bisaya followed by different languages from others who migrated to the municipality.
3. Education/ Literacy
There are 26 educational institutions operating in the LGU. Eighteen are complete elementary schools, one of which is privately operated, and 8 primary schools. The combined enrollments of these schools indicate a participation rate of 94.62%.
Under the secondary level, there are 4 national high schools and 1 private high school. The combined enrollments of these schools indicate a participation rate of 66.92%. This information describes that as the level of education get higher, the enrollment decreases despite the free secondary education offered by the government.
In the computation based on projected population on employment status of Tukuran, Zamboanga del Sur, the LGU has 94.54% population in the labor force and 42.46% not in the labor force.
About 78% of the LGU population belongs to low-income social group. Majority of these people are engaged in farming and fishing, while few are in the trading business, just to be able to make a living.
Extension of best health to the community is one of the priority programs of the Local Government of Tukuran. Rural Health Unit, Barangay Health Station and private clinic undertake the delivery of health services in the locality. There are only six (6) barangay health stations and one (1) health center operating in the municipality. Government and private hospitals are located in adjacent city and municipality line Pagadian City and Aurora. The Rural Health Unit of Tukuran has nine (9) personnel, which are supervised by the Municipal Physician.
7. Social Welfare
Social welfare services are a program designed to help the unfortunate members of the society to live at least in a decent way of life. In Tukuran, this is the responsibility of the MSWDO. Civic groups and other religious organizations are involved and work hand in hand with the government by providing social welfare program, child/ youth welfare program, self employment assistance, emergency assistance, program for elderly/ disabled persons, and other social services program.
Telegraph/ Telephone system - has an existing landline communication; it is serviced by the TELECOM under the umbrella of DOTC. Today, mobile phones still the most used telecommunication of the inhabitatnts in the municipality powered by the GLOBE and SMART tower as service signal inthe locality.
Mail services - The Philippine Postal Corporation which office is located inside the municipal building basically handles mail and delivery services. Private companies such as LBC, Air Cargo and JRS Express all based in the Pagadian City also extending their delivery services to the locality.
The municipality of Tukuran has three types of passenger facilities, which include the public utility jeepneys, tricycles and pedicabs. Land transportation fares vary upon the distance covered by the vehicle as mandated by the LTC and Municipal Executive Council.
The energization of the municipality of Tukuran was started by the ZAMSURECO-I on 1975. This is one between the two electric cooperatives operating in the province. There are sixteen barangays energized by the ZAMSURECO-I, while barangays Tagulo on the other hand tapped its energy power supply from the LANECO, an electric cooperative operating in the neighboring province of Lanao del Norte.
12. Peace and Order
The PNP, BFP, AFP, CVO, Barangay Tanods and Bantay Dagat Volunteers are indispensable in sustaining the peace and order as they addressed the needs of the municipality in providing protective services. The PNP Headquarters is located near the Municipal Hall; two check points and two bantay dagat outposts are also existing. The local PNP is further assisted by the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) being stationed in Tukuran and the Philippine Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) stationed at barangays Tinotongan and Tagulo.
C. AGRICULTURAL PROFILE
1. Agricultural Land Uses
The LGU of Tukuran is basically an agricultural municipality. Out of the 13,925 hectares, more than 3% is forest timberland, while the rest are alienable and disposable areas devoted to various land uses.
2. Production and Productivity
Rice and Corn are the major farm products of Tukuran, Zamboanga del Sur. For palay, the current production is place at 3.25 - 4.0 MT per hectares while the corn is 1.10 - 1.14 MT per hectares. The farmers, pest and diseases infestation and inadequate infrastructure support facilities attribute the low productivity to lack of farm inputs.
D. FISHERY AND OTHER AQUACTIC RESOURCES
Tukuran is one of the coastal towns in the province of Zamboanga del Sur. The coastline is estimated at 9 kilometers that covers eight (8) barangays. The major fishing grounds area the Illana Bay, Sibuguey Bay, Moro Gulf and Celebes Sea. Fish species commonly catch are tuna, yellow fin, skip jack, mackerel among others.
Aside from fish resource, the municipality is also endowed with various marine products such as crabs, shellfish, seaweed, shrimps an some fishpond products like bangus and prawns.
1. Fish Sanctuary
The municipality has two established marine sanctuaries. One is located at barangays Alindahaw - Lower Bayao, while the other is locatd at barangays Sugod -Tagulo areas. Fishing is restricted within the said santuaries. The LGU is preserving the areas for future benefits of the small fishers, for recreation and for the natural breeding of fish.
2. Production and Productivity
For fishing activities, previous statistics showed the average volume fo annual fish production of 3,659.62 MT. Each year, the average catch discreases. With the regulations and restrictions on fishing which are now being implemented thru the Coastal Resource Management (CRM) with Hon. Councilor Raul P. Llagas as the designated manager, we expect a gradual increase of fish catch by marginal fishermen.
Tukuran has 3,090.0 hectares of forestland. It has an established forest reserve of 2,500.0 hectares and a established timberland of 932.0 hectares. Currently, records of the DENR showed that 3,132.58 hectares of the areas are covered under a major reforestaton project, the Baclay - Pulacan Reforestation Project. Of this project, 1,216.58 hectares was the established plantation for the year 1995 and up to this year there is no reforestation project being conducted. The LGU now is partnering with Barangay LGUs in protecting the forest from charcoal makers and the modern "kainingineros".
1. Natural Attraction
The fine beaches that have a shoreline length of approximately 4.0 kilometers located at Barangays Alindahaw to Lower Bayao. And another beautiful spot is the white beach of Sugod that has remarkable environment that is likened to a hidden paradise with pure, natural and un-exploited white sand.
There are other naturals tourist spots that can be found at the upland barangays; hot springs, caves and different water falls are also found in different barangays. Some of these natural attractions are already being explored but most of them are still unexploited from the outside world because of their apparent inaccessibility.
2. Man-made Attraction
The ruins of Spanish fort are the beautiful historical landmark of Tukuran which was created during the Spanish colonization in the country way back more than a century ago. These old fort is located at barangay Militar which overlooks the plain in the southwest where the poblacion of Tukuran is located and the clear blue water of Illana Bay in the south.